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Where is kratom grown?

Where is kratom grown?

Have you ever wondered where kratom is grown? Kratom is native to Southeast Asia in countries like Thailand and Indonesia, and has been used for centuries as a natural solution to various problems. The plant grows wild in these countries and can even be found on the sides of roads or paths for miles around some villages. Of course, there are specially designated places for farmers where there is a much higher concentration of kratom and, as a rule, the ordinary person cannot get there. Kratom belongs to the coffee family. It grows best under shady trees with plenty of rainwater drainage nearby. Therefore, it often grows near rivers, especially since the soil is rich in minerals from running water that help promote growth. Today, kratom is a highly sought-after botanical plant around the world, and its popularity among herbalists and lovers of natural remedies is growing.

In this section of the blog, we will cover:

  • The origin of kratom and where it is grown.
  • What are the ideal conditions for growing kratom?
  • Why the right growing conditions matter
  • Growing and harvesting kratom
  • Whether you can grow kratom at home

The origins of kratom

The origin of kratom is somewhat mysterious. It is still unclear whether the herb first grew in Southeast Asia, where countries like Thailand are today, or on the Indonesian island of Borneo. Some people claim that kratom originated in both of these places, as it has been told orally by local tribes and villages for centuries.

However, we know that kratom has been traditionally used for its calming effects since at least 500 BC, when it was first written about in a Thai book known as the Laws of Thailand. Today, kratom is cultivated in Southeast Asia and the Pacific regions. It is predominantly grown in Indonesia, Malaysia, but also in other countries such as Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, India and Nepal. These areas are ideal due to the climatic and weather conditions.

Ideal conditions for kratom cultivation

Kratom thrives best in tropical climates where there is plenty of sunlight, moisture and rain. The countries where kratom is grown are near the equator, where there are many hours of sunlight, sometimes up to twelve hours a day. This helps the plant grow faster and produce more leaves per year than if it were grown somewhere where there are more hours between sunrise and sunset. Kratom also thrives best in humid climates with plenty of rain that lasts at least six months of the year. This is because the plant needs to be constantly hydrated, which can only happen with a lot of rain throughout the seasons.

Kratom grows best in humid climates where temperatures range between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius year-round. Too low or high temperatures inhibit the growth of kratom plants, so they need to be in the right place where they can grow and thrive.

Why the right growing conditions matter

The right growing conditions matter because they allow the kratom plant to easily grow as it naturally does. Because of the ideal conditions in which kratom is grown, kratom plants can thrive and produce leaves, stems and roots that provide varying levels of alkaloid content. This allows people who take this herbal supplement to take advantage of what each part of the kratom plant has to offer. Therefore, where kratom comes from and where it is grown is also crucial. This is the only way to ensure that kratom is of high quality and offers all the desired benefits. The right conditions also ensure a healthy amount of oxygen for the plant to grow as it should and ensure that the kratom plant can grow in an optimal way, with its leaves having plenty of room to move upwards towards the sun.

In the right conditions, kratom can be grown sustainably in an area where there is enough water and sunlight to sustain it, and in an area where there is plenty of space, such as a wooded area or even on mountaintops, where it can thrive and grow to its maximum size without serious competition from other plants that may be growing in the same area.

Growing and harvesting kratom

The kratom plant grows naturally from seeds that are collected by farmers and then sold to distributors who export them overseas where they are sold to the public and where people can buy kratom. Its exotic nature means that it can grow in a variety of natural environments. Villagers living in areas where kratom is grown sometimes grow it in their yards or on land they have available.

When it comes to harvesting, farmers and villagers usually remove the kratom leaves from the tree, dry them and then use a rolling machine to crush them into a powder or sell the leaves directly to others who eventually sell the kratom powder as a finished product. In order to harvest the kratom, the farmers must cut off all the branches of the tree so that they grow back fresh and strong. The kratom leaves are harvested three to five years after the tree begins to grow. Harvesting is usually done twice a year, once in the dry season and then again in the rainy season. There are two types of harvesting - selective cutting and bunching. Selective felling involves selecting trees that are mature enough to produce good quality foliage, while cluster felling involves felling all trees regardless of maturity.

Can kratom be grown at home?

More and more people are wondering where kratom is grown and what the right conditions are for growing it. And even more want to know if they can grow kratom at home? The truth is that kratom can grow anywhere in the world under the right conditions. However, you need to know that it prefers humid climates and temperatures around 80 degrees Celsius or close to it with humidity around 25%.

Some people have even taken to growing kratom in the USA in their own gardens. The biggest challenge is where to buy seeds. Kratom seeds need to stay fresh and most seeds are shipped dry and need to be soaked before they can germinate. The process of growing your own kratom is not an undertaking that most should try, and the best way to ensure quality kratom is to buy it from a reputable vendor. It's more convenient and you know the kratom is safe.

What is kratom? All you need to know

What is kratom?

Mitragyna speciosa (commonly known as kratom, an herbaceous leaf from a tree in the Rubiaceae family) is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family native to Southeast Asia. It is native to Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Papua New Guinea, where it has been used in herbal medicine since at least the 19th century. In the past it was also consumed by chewing, smoking and as a tea. Kratom has opioid-like properties and some stimulant effects.

As of 2018, kratom's efficacy and safety are unclear. Although it has been a federally legal dietary supplement, it has not been approved as a treatment in the United States due to poor quality research. In 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) stated that there is no evidence that kratom is safe or effective in treating any disease. Some people use it to manage chronic pain, to treat opioid withdrawal symptoms, or for recreational purposes. the onset of effects usually begins within five to ten minutes and lasts two to five hours. In the Czech Republic, kratom is still sold as a collector's item and there are no regulations or restrictions on its sale. In the USA, on the other hand, kratom is sold as a food in various places and its sale is free and restricted to adults only. Regulation is expected in the coming year, with precise rules on the sale of kratom.

The kratom tree

Kratom, scientifically known as *Mitragyna speciosa*, is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family that can grow up to 25 metres tall. Its trunk can reach up to 0.9 metres in diameter, and is usually straight with smooth and grey outer bark. Its leaves are ovate-rounded, arranged opposite each other and are dark green with a glossy upper surface. They can grow over 14-20 cm long and 7-12 cm wide and have 12-17 pairs of veins.

The tree also produces globose, deep yellow inflorescences that grow in clusters of three at the ends of the branches. The calyx tube is about 2 millimetres long and has five lobes, while the corolla tube measures 2.5 to 3 millimetres.

Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is native to several Southeast Asian countries including Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Papua New Guinea. It was first officially described by Dutch colonial botanist Pieter Korthals in 1839 under the name Stephegyne speciosa. The plant went through several renamings and reclassifications until it was finally named and classified by George Darby Haviland in 1859.

Harvesting is based on the variety we want to grow. If a farmer decides to grow white kratom, he harvests the leaves early in the tree. If he then wants to harvest green kratom, that's already the middle stage of the tree when the leaves are pleasantly green and in the last stage we have red kratom, which is harvested when the leaves are brown to red.

(Mitragyna Speciosa, Source: Wikipedia)

Chemical formula of kratom and its active ingredients

Mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, the two alkaloids mainly responsible for the effects of kratom, are selective and full agonists of the μ-subtype opioid receptor (MOR). The receptor agonist effect of kratom alkaloids is antagonized by the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone. In addition, 5-HT2a and postsynaptic α2-adrenergic receptors and neuronal Ca2+ channels are also involved in the unique pharmacological and behavioural activity of mitragynine. Simply put, these two alkaloids are responsible for the effect one gets after taking kratom.

Regular use of kratom can cause addiction. Withdrawal symptoms in humans are relatively mild and usually subside within a week. Craving, weakness and lethargy, anxiety, restlessness, rhinorrhea, myalgia, nausea, sweating, muscle aches, jerky movements of the limbs, tremors, as well as sleep disturbances and hallucinations may occur. Treatment may include a combination of dihydrocodeine-lofexidine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, antidepressants and/or anxiolytics if necessary.

Metabolism of mitragynine in humans occurs via hydrolysis of the side chain ester, O-demethylation of methoxy groups, oxidative and/or reductive transformations, and formation of glucuronide and sulphate conjugates. It can be said that kratom degrades well in the short term. Some withdrawal symptoms may occur after a longer period of time (1-4 weeks).

Co-consumption of kratom with other drugs can cause serious side effects. In fact, adverse drug interactions involving kratom tea taken with carisoprodol, modafinil, propylhexedrine or Datura stramonium have been reported. A fatal case in the United States involved a mixture of kratom, fentanyl, diphenhydramine, caffeine and morphine sold as a herbal drug. Care should be taken to consult kratom with a responsible person (doctor) who can realistically tell you if kratom is for you.

 

The first active alkaloid in Kratom is Mitragynine.

Molecular structure of Mitragynine

(Chemical formula of Mitragynine, Source: EMCDDA)

The other active alkaloid in Kratom is 7-hydroxymitragynine)

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Molecular structure of 7-hydroxymitragynine

(Chemical formula of 7-hydroxymitragynine, Source:  EMCDDA)

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